Rosstat published data on mortality
Rosst has published data on the demography for eight months of 2021. According to these data, in the period from January to August inclusively, 1523 thousand people died in Russia, which, in terms of an annual value, gives a mortality rate of 15.7 people per 1000 population. In 2020, this figure for the same time period was 13.2. The death rate in the 12 months from September 2020 to August 2021 was 2.36 million, repeating the post-Soviet record set in 2003. Calculated per thousand people, this gives a coefficient of 16.16. The population decline for eight months of this year amounted to 595 thousand people.
Not having time to get out of one demographic hole, Russia at full speed collapsed into a new one. Of course, pro-government experts will rush to blame the coronavirus epidemic for everything, but such a development of the situation became possible as a result of the actions of the authorities over the past 30 years. The devastation of the health care system is obvious. The number of hospitals in Russia in 2019 was 5.1 thousand. At the same time, the number of hospitals in Tsarist Russia in 1913 (within the borders of the USSR) amounted to … 5.3 thousand. In terms of the number of beds per 10 thousand of the population, so far, however, it is not so sad – 80 beds, which roughly corresponds to the 1960 level. In addition to the fact that the increase in mortality shows the state of health care at the moment, it also shows the level of health of the country’s population, which depends on living conditions in recent decades, on nutrition, medical in recent decades. A sick organism, on the one hand, will be less resistant to infection, and on the other, more dependent on medical care, so that in a pandemic, a reduction in medical care may be fatal for it.
We observe the action of both of these factors in a pandemic: chronic patients are prone to a more severe course of coronavirus infection, despite the fact that many “usual” patients did not receive the necessary medical care on time.
Moreover, health care itself does not exist in a vacuum; it depends on other sectors of the economy. For the successful operation of hospitals, medicines, medical equipment, and overalls are needed. This means the need for the pharmaceutical, chemical, engineering, radio-electronic industries, which supply healthcare with everything it needs. It is precisely these sectors in Russia that have suffered the most from the reforms over the past 30 years. The instrument making and radio-electronic industry depends to a degree on the supply of components from abroad, and the pharmaceutical industry depends on the supply of substances. In the end, when the crisis hit, all industries failed to cope with the increased workload, so there was a shortage of everything needed for healthcare, from high-tech tomographs and ventilators to masks and anti-plague suits.
The demographic catastrophe of 2020-21 is a natural outcome of the path that Russia has traveled over the past 30 years. At the same time, however, we do not see that the authorities are taking any measures to fix the situation in the country. This means that the situation will worsen further.